This page was last updated 1 Mar 2011 -- rak.

Reserved for 19th Century Map of Kansas

Peter the Great took the island just west of St. Petersburg from the Sweden in 1703. Construction of the naval base and fortifications began immediately. Hitherto Russia had had no presence on the Baltic. Peter also built and then greatly strengthened a Baltic fleet of war ships. Kronstadt was henceforth the seat of the Russian admiralty and the base of the mighty Russian Baltic Fleet.

The waterways around Kronstadt were reconstructed and fortified so that no ship could enter Russia without permission of those in charge of the Kronstadt naval base. Emigrants were forced to off load here and obtain clearance to proceed before being allowed on to the Russian mainland. So this was the first stop for our ancestors as they arrived by ship for L├╝beck and other Baltic ports.

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